How to configure syslog server in redhat linux.


Centralized log server (syslog server)

Suppose we have a server and 5 client machines. And we want to monitor the logs of all those client machines. In situations like this, we will use centralized server as a log server. Whatever events are happening in client machines, the logs will be sent to the server. So that, we can monitor the logs from a centralized server. We make use of syslog service for this.

Server Side Configuration Steps:

1. Open the /etc/sysconfig/syslog file and add “-r” option to the variable SYSLOGD_OPTIONS as shown below.

[root@server ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/syslog

# Options to syslogd

# -m 0 disables ‘MARK’ messages.

# -r enables logging from remote machines

# -x disables DNS lookups on messages recieved with -r

# See syslogd(8) for more details

SYSLOGD_OPTIONS=”-r -m 0″

# Options to klogd

# -2 prints all kernel oops messages twice; once for klogd to decode, and

# once for processing with ‘ksymoops’

# -x disables all klogd processing of oops messages entirely

# See klogd(8) for more details

KLOGD_OPTIONS=”-x”

#

SYSLOG_UMASK=077

# set this to a umask value to use for all log files as in umask(1).

# By default, all permissions are removed for “group” and “other”.

2. Restart the syslog service.

[root@server ~]# service syslog restart

Shutting down kernel logger: [ OK ]

Shutting down system logger: [ OK ]

Starting system logger: [ OK ]

Starting kernel logger: [ OK ]

Client Side Configuration Steps:

1. Open the configuration file /etc/syslog.conf and add an entry to redirect the logs to the remote server.

[root@vm1 ~]# vim /etc/syslog.conf

# Log all kernel messages to the console.

# Logging much else clutters up the screen.

#kern.* /dev/console

 *.* @your-syslogserver-ip

# Log anything (except mail) of level info or higher.

# Don’t log private authentication messages!

*.info;mail.none;authpriv.none;cron.none /var/log/messages

# The authpriv file has restricted access.

##authpriv.* /var/log/secure

# Log all the mail messages in one place.

mail.* -/var/log/maillog

 # Log cron stuff

cron.* /var/log/cron

# Everybody gets emergency messages

*.emerg *

# Save news errors of level crit and higher in a special file.

uucp,news.crit /var/log/spooler

# Save boot messages also to boot.log

local7.* /var/log/boot.log

2. Restart the service

[root@vm1 ~]# service syslog restart

Shutting down kernel logger: [ OK ]

Shutting down system logger: [ OK ]

Starting system logger: [ OK ]

Starting kernel logger: [ OK ]

Checking:

On server open a terminal and watch /var/log/messages and restart syslog service in client. You can see the log from clinet coming to server.

[root@server ~]# tail -f /var/log/messages

Oct 15 14:42:30 vm1 kernel: Kernel logging (proc) stopped.

Oct 15 14:42:30 vm1 kernel: Kernel log daemon terminating.

Oct 15 14:42:31 vm1 exiting on signal 15

Oct 15 14:42:31 vm1 syslogd 1.4.1: restart.

Oct 15 14:42:31 vm1 kernel: klogd 1.4.1, log source = /proc/kmsg started.

Fields in log from remote machine:

Date Hostname Name_of_the_application: Actual_log_message

About Alex Hunt

Hi All I am Manish Kumar Jha aka Alex Hunt. I am currently working in VMware Software India Pvt Ltd as Operations System Engineer (vCloud Air Operations). I have around 5 Years of IT experience and have exposure on VMware vSphere, vCloud Director, RHEL and modern data center technologies like Cisco UCS and Cisco Nexus 1000v and NSX. If you find any post informational to you please press like and share it across social media and leave your comments if you want to discuss further on any post. Disclaimer: All the information on this website is published in good faith and for general information purpose only. I don’t make any warranties about the completeness, reliability and accuracy of this information. Any action you take upon the information you find on this blog is strictly at your own risk. The Views and opinions published on this blog are my own and not the opinions of my employer or any of the vendors of the product discussed.
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